What is tibia bone pain?

It is important to note that the leg is comprised of several bones including the fibula, tibia, patella and femur. Based on studies conducted, the main role of the tibia is to bear weight while the fibula is responsible for muscle attachment. Any of these bones can sustain stress fractures. The common location where stress fractures can occur is 2-3 inches above the bony bit on the interior of the ankle on the tibia bone. Additionally, injury or trauma to the leg can also cause pain in the muscles or even on the bones.

Always bear in mind that tibia bone pain is defined as the pain that occurs in the tibia. This is the larger bone in the leg while the fibula is the smaller one.

Symptoms of tibia bone pain

If you suspect that an individual is suffering from this condition, the symptoms of tibia bone pain not only include the pain but also swelling and tenderness. The pain is characterized as dull, sharp, aching, acute or chronic.

Causes of tibia bone pain

There are various causes of tibia bone pain that includes a broken leg, certain types of cancers such as prostate or breast, muscle cramp, osteomyelitis, dehydration, osteoporosis, muscle strain due to overuse, certain medications, injuries involving a torn muscle, inflamed tendon, hairline fracture, deep vein thrombosis, shin splints, arthritis, varicose veins and nerve damage.

Tibia bone pain

If you suspect that an individual is suffering from this condition, the symptoms of tibia bone pain not only include the pain but also swelling and tenderness.

Take note that the tibia bone pain caused by an injury such as a broken or fracture bone can be due to various factors such as overloading the bone while engaging in continuous activity, several impacts on the bone, abrupt changes in the running surface and continuous activity even when though the muscles are tired. The symptoms of a stress fracture typically include pain, swelling, tenderness and pain when the shin is pressed.

Tests and exams performed

If a doctor is consulted, certain exams will be carried out which includes a complete physical examination and a medical history. The tests that will be performed include bone X-ray, complete blood count (CBC), CT scan, bone scan, MRI, pituitary and adrenal gland function, hormonal levels and even urinalysis.

Treatment for tibia bone pain

The home treatment for tibia bone pain usually includes rest, application of ice, gentle stretching, and elevation of the affected leg, massage and medications. When applying ice as part of basic first aid, always wrap it in a clean cloth or towel before applied on the skin to prevent injury.

In case the cause is a broken or fractured tibia, a cast would be applied and the individual is encouraged to rest. The doctor can also prescribe antibiotics, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs and hormones.

As for the medical treatment, it would involve surgical intervention in order to correct the fractured bone, application of a splint, plaster casting, traction, physiotherapy and rehabilitation.

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