Urethritis is a condition where the urethra becomes inflamed and irritated. The urethra is a tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
The condition typically triggers pain during urination along with an increased need to urinate. The main reason of urethritis is a bacterial infection. The condition can affect individuals of all ages. Both women and men can develop the condition. Nevertheless, women are at higher risk for developing the condition since bacteria can easily enter the urethra due to its shorter length.
Males with urethritis might suffer from one or several of the following:
- Itchiness or burning close the opening of the penis
- Burning sensation during urination
- Presence of blood in the urine or semen
- Drainage from the penis
Some of the symptoms in women include:
- Discomfort during urination
- Frequent need to urinate
- Irritation or burning sensation at the urethral opening
- Unusual drainage from the vagina that might be present with the urinary symptoms
Management of urethritis
The treatment for urethritis generally includes a course of either antibiotics or antiviral medications. Some of the commonly used treatment options include:
- Antibiotics specifically azithromycin that is taken as a one-time dose
- Doxycycline is an oral antibiotic that is taken 2 times a day for 7 days
- Erythromycin is an antibiotic that is given orally at 4 times throughout the day for 7 days
- Levofloxacin is an oral antibiotic that is taken 2 times a day for 7 days
- Ofloxacin is an oral antibiotic take 2 times a day for 7 days
The symptoms are likely to improve in a few days after treatment is started. Make sure that the complete course is completed to prevent recurrence of the infection.