On a daily basis, an individual spends several hours using their feet and takes on thousands of steps. The walking will put pressure on the feet that is equal to 2-3 times the body weight. This is why many experience sore feet at some point in their lives. In reality, the usual foot problems are blamed on not walking but on the walking shoes used. Corns form on the toes since the bones push up against the shoe and add pressure on the skin. The skin surface thickens and builds up, thus irritating the tissues below. The hardened corns are usually situated on the top of the toe or on the sides of the small toe. The soft corns are similar to open sores and develop between the toes as they rub against each other.
- Using shoes that do not fit properly. If the shoes are too tight, they will squeeze the foot, thus increasing the pressure. If the shoes are too loose, the foot can slide and rub against the shoe, producing friction.
- Toe deformities such as claw toe or hammer toe.
- Using high-heeled shoes since they increase the pressure on the forefoot.
- Socks that do not fit properly.
- Rubbing against the seam or stitch inside the shoe.
Diagnosing and treatment
Corns can be seen easily and have a sensitive region in the middle and enclosed by dead skin with a yellowish tinge. The treatment of foot problems is usually a team effort. The individual should work with the physician to ensure that issues do not recur.
When restoring the normal contour of the skin and reducing the pain, the doctor will trim the corn by shaving the dead layers of the skin with a scalpel. The procedure must be performed by a healthcare professional especially if the individual has diminished circulation, poor eyesight or lack of sensation in the feet. Once the doctor ascertains an underlying issue such as toe deformity, it can be corrected. Most of the surgeries are usually carried out on an outpatient basis.
What to do at home?
- The individual can soak the feet on a regular basis and utilize a pumice stone to soften and reduce the size of the corn.
- You can use lamb’s wool that is placed in between the toes to cushion the soft corns.
- Wear foam pad that has a donut shape over the corn to help reduce the pressure. You can utilize a non-medicated corn pad. Do not use the medicated pads since they might increase irritation and result to an infection.
- Wear shoes that properly fit and have enough space for the toes to move.
If possible, it is best to utilize the right types of shoes that provide comfort especially those that are used most of the time. To learn to recognize the symptoms and manage them, register for first aid training today.