Peripheral neuropathy is best described as a condition that affects the nerves in the legs, hands and feet. The damage on the nerves can cause pain, tingling, numbness, itchiness and burning. As for severe cases, the individual can develop weakness or loss of sensation in the feet which can cause walking and balance difficulties since the individual could no longer feel the floor.
In some cases, the condition can improve as long as it is treated properly. When managing this condition, it is important to determine the cause of peripheral foot neuropathy and the recommended mode of treatment should be followed in managing the underlying condition. If you want to learn how to properly manage this condition, click here.
Compression of the nerve
The usual cause of peripheral foot neuropathy is compression on a nerve that transmits signals to the foot. It is important to note that these nerves run via the spinal cord and can become crushed due to the protruding or herniated disc. There is physical damage on the nerves as a result of an accident. This can also develop if there are changes to the vertebrae in the spine.
If the individual has arthritis as well as degenerative disc disease, the individual can develop bony growths on the spine that can crush nearby nerves. Once the nerves are compressed, the signals that travel are disrupted and symptoms of peripheral foot neuropathy can develop.
Contributing medical conditions
There are various medical conditions that can disrupt with the functioning of the nerves or cause damage. Heart diseases and diabetes that are poorly managed can damage the nerves in any part of the body.
Infections, autoimmune diseases and other conditions can also lead to the inflammation of different tissues which can compress the nerves. In some cases, the nerves can end up inflamed. Hormonal imbalance, kidney disease, malnutrition and alcoholism can produce toxins that are released into the body that can cause damage to the nerves. Nevertheless, most of these conditions can be managed with lifestyle changes and medications.
In rare cases, an individual can develop peripheral foot neuropathy from an inherited medical condition. Some of the common conditions that cause peripheral foot neuropathy include Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, Fabry’s disease and porphyrias. Take note that these conditions can cause weakness in the lower body include foot drop. Additionally, there is muscle wasting in the lower leg and the individual becomes highly sensitive to touch in the feet.
The medications that are used in managing HIV/AIDS and even cancer can cause damage to the nerves, resulting to peripheral foot neuropathy. The other medications that can trigger this condition include blood pressure medications, anticonvulsants, drugs for skin conditions and those used for infections. In some cases, nerve damage can be instigated by these medications is long-lasting. On the other hand, peripheral foot neuropathy can be managed with a smaller dose or when the medication is not taken anymore. If the individual is taking any of these medications, the doctor will monitor the symptoms carefully.