Foot and toenail pain are common issues among runners. It is important to note that the foot endures significant stress and required to support the full weight of the body.
Along with the pounding action while running, the foot is prone to injuries. Many suffer from toenail pain after taking part in a long-distance run and the discomfort might stem from significant buildup of blood beneath the toenail or from an ingrown toenail.
What are the common causes of toenail pain?
Black toenails stem from wearing shoes that are too small or from increased flow of blood beneath the toenail.
In case the shoes or socks are too tight, the continuous rubbing of the toe against the end of the shoe or sock creates friction. This results to a bruise beneath the toenail.
A black toenail can also be caused by the pressure of the blood driven into the toes while running. With every step, the foot moves forward and blood flows to the foot, thus forming in the toe which results to the pooling of blood under the toenail.
An ingrown toenail develops if the borders of the toenail turn downward and grows into the soft tissues of the toe. This results to infection since the site where the toenail is growing into the toe is considered as an open wound that can become infected.
Placing padding on the toes or small pieces of cotton beneath the toenail where it is growing into the nailbed can effectively deal with ingrown toenails.
- Changing footwear can keep an ingrown from worsening.
- The healing process of a black toenail can be hastened with adequate rest and elevation to lessen the flow of blood to the site.
- An ice pack can be applied on the affected toe to lessen the flow of blood and reduce the swelling.
It is generally recommended to change the running shoes used. Select a pair that has enough room space before running again.
Bandages or padding can be wrapped around the site of the toenail pain before running to lessen the friction produced.
Ingrown toenails can be prevented by keeping the toenails in the right length to prevent rubbing against the socks or shoes but adequately long to prevent the edges of the nail from driving into the soft tissues. It is recommended to trim the nails in a square manner so that the nail has a distinct border.