Thursday, 18 December 2014
What to do for foot fungus among children?Written by George
It is important to note that foot fungus is quite common among children and often called as athlete’s foot or tinea pedis. Even though foot fungus is quite common among adolescents and adults, children can also become infection and end up with an annoying rash on the feet. Nevertheless, since skin issues on the feet of children can stem from various causes, a doctor should be consulted before attempting to treat the issue at home.
In case a child develops foot fungus, you can readily manage the condition if you will register for first aid training today.
What are the symptoms?
An indicative symptom of foot fungus among children is an itchy rash that develops in between the toes. Take note that the skin between the toes will turn red in color and become cracked and scaly or even develop a cheese-like appearance. If the condition is not treated right away, it has the tendency to radiate to the instep and even reach the toenails as well. Always bear in mind that foot fungus will also produce a foul stench. If the child scratches the rash, it can become raw and wet.
Foot fungus has the tendency to spread via direct exposure to the fungus. Take note that this often occurs once the child walks barefoot in areas where the fungus is present. The fungus is capable of surviving in moist areas especially in public showers, swimming pools and locker rooms.
The fungus can also be acquired by sharing a towel with an individual who has the infection. Nevertheless, even if exposed to the fungus, the child can only develop the condition if the feet are also moist since the fungus thrives well in moist environments.
Treatment for foot fungus
The appropriate treatment for foot fungus among children is to apply a cream or powder over the affected foot to help eliminate the fungus. The doctor can recommend the suitable medication for the infection that is appropriate to the age of the child.
In case the topical solutions will not work, the doctor will recommend an oral medication to eliminate the fungus. Regardless of the mode of treatment used, you should keep the feet of the child dry and instruct to avoid walking barefoot during the course of the treatment. Remember that the fungus could not grow in dry, airy environments.
Since the fungus that causes the condition requires moisture to survive, it is vital to keep the feet dry and clean at all times to prevent it. Children must be taught to dry their feet thoroughly after showering, bathing or swimming.
It is also recommended to wear loose shoes and change socks regularly to prevent the feet from becoming soaked by sweat. You can also prevent exposure to the fungus by providing the child with flip-flops or other footwear to use when using public showers, swimming pools or locker rooms.
Thursday, 18 December 2014
Why do I have a rash after receiving the shingles vaccine?Written by George
The shingles vaccine works by reducing the risk of developing shingles as well as the development of the common complications particularly post-herpetic neuralgia. It is important to note that the usual side effect after the shingles vaccine is administered is a rash. If you want to be prepared to handle the rash that occurs after the shingles vaccines is given, all you have to do is to look for a course. You can learn ways to ease this side effect by enrolling in a course on first aid today.
Always bear in mind the initial type of rash is comprised of a small number of blisters that are similar to shingles that develops at the injection site and they do not spread to other parts of the body. In some cases, a second type of rash comprised of blisters similar to shingles can develop in another part of the body other than the injection site. Take note that these blisters tend to be numerous and can also affect a wider area which is similar to the naturally occurring shingles.
Onset of the rash
Those who were given the shingles vaccine should report all forms of rashes that developed within 42 hours after the vaccine was administered. Individuals who experienced rashes on the injection site developed 2-3 days after the vaccine was given. Others who experience rashes in other parts of the body usually appeared more than 2 weeks after the vaccine was administered.
How long the rashes last?
The rashes that developed on the injection site typically resolve within 5 days unlike from the rashes that developed on other parts of the body which resolves within 18 days. The rashes that develop on other parts of the body are likely to reflect vaccine failure rather than a side effect of the vaccination. Take note that in all but a few cases, the laboratory tests show that the cause of the rash was in reality shingles but not the strain of the virus that was utilized in the vaccine.
It is important to note that less than 1% of cases who received the shingles vaccine developed a rash. The rashes are more likely to occur among individuals 60-69 years old than those over 70 years old.
In rare cases, a rash that develops after the shingles vaccine is given can indicate a complication such as an allergic reaction or an infection. The indications of an allergic reaction usually include nausea, chest tightness or pain, vomiting, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, facial swelling, anxiety or dizziness. The symptoms of infection include fever or discharge of the injection site. Those who suffer from these symptoms must consult a doctor for instructions or simply bring the individual to the emergency department at the nearest hospital.
Thursday, 11 December 2014
Does a pneumonia shot have any side effects?Written by George
A pneumonia shot can be administered for the prevention of diseases instigated by the Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria. It is important to note that pneumococcal infections can trigger serious health issues such as pneumonia which involves the lungs, bacteremia which is a severe blood infection, meningitis which involves the brain and even death.
It is best to consider vaccination with a pneumonia shot for high risk groups such as the elderly, those who have a weakened immune system or those who smoke. Parents should consider a pneumonia shot for young children. A doctor should be consulted in order to determine if this vaccination is required since there are potential side effects of the pneumonia shot that you should be well aware of. In case the individual develops any of the side effects, you should be prepared to handle them. By enrolling in a first aid class, you can learn measures to help ease these side effects.
Complications at the injection site
Almost half of those who have received this vaccination will suffer from mild side effects such as redness or pain where the pneumonia shot was administered. In most cases, there is also minimal swelling on the affected area. It is important that these side effects should subside within a few days after the vaccination was administered. A doctor should be consulted if ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be used in order to reduce the soreness and pain. A cold compress can also be applied on the injection site since it can effectively reduce the swelling.
Fever and swollen glands
The fever and swollen glands can develop right after the individual received a pneumonia shot. In most cases, you can relieve the fever by providing the individual with acetaminophen. As for the swollen glands, they usually manifest in the neck area and feel tender to the touch. Take note that fever as well as inflamed glands occur as the body generates the required immune response to the shot. In case these reactions do not seem to subside within a couple of days, a doctor should be consulted. There is a possibility that the individual has an illness that is not connected to the recent vaccination.
Muscle pain and fatigue
The individual might develop muscle pain and fatigue right after receiving a pneumonia shot. In most cases, the individual can also experience joint pain. Take note that this side effect can persist for a few days after the vaccination. A warm shower or bath or even a massage can help reduce the muscle pain and soreness. In case the soreness or pain becomes severe, a doctor must be consulted regarding the type of pain medications to be taken.
When getting a pneumonia shot, it is best to consult a doctor first regarding the possible side effects that can manifest.
Thursday, 11 December 2014
Treatment options for chickenpox on the scalpWritten by George
After the introduction of an effective chickenpox vaccine back in 1995, the condition has become increasingly uncommon in the developed countries all over the world. In most cases, chickenpox initially strikes the face or trunk and then spreads outward which affects the extremities and the scalp. With the availability of the chickenpox vaccine, it has helped prevent the condition and can minimize the severity of the symptoms in some cases.
The treatment for chickenpox on the scalp is focused on symptomatic relief as well as observing proper skin hygiene to minimize the risk for the development of secondary bacterial infections. In some cases, the individual might require the administration of antiviral drugs. If you suspect that an individual ends up with chickenpox on the scalp, it is recommended to enroll in a class in first aid today so that you will know how to ease the symptoms.
In some individuals who have chickenpox, they can develop thousands of blisters while others especially young children might have less than 50 blisters. Individuals who have an extensive case and those who are categorized as high-risk for complications for chickenpox can greatly benefit from prescription antiviral drugs that work by reducing the severity and duration of the symptoms. The commonly used medications include acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir.
The topical astringents work by reducing the swelling, controlling the secretions as well as inhibiting bleeding among those who have chickenpox and other inflammatory skin conditions. The astringents that are used in treating acne can be harsh for chickenpox of the scalp. It is recommended to use over-the-counter aluminum acetate. In most cases, a mixture of oatmeal and water are recommended. The application of a topical astringent 1-3 times per day during the initial stage of the disease can help control the irritation as well as hasten the healing process.
Observing proper hygiene
Proper hygiene will help prevent the development of secondary bacterial infections caused by the chickenpox lesions, especially on the scalp where the hair oil traps the dirt and bacteria. The individual should wash the hair on a daily basis using mild shampoo and apply conditioner on the ends of the hair only.
Those who usually use other hair products such as sprays and gels must refrain from using them until the chickenpox lesions are fully healed. Combs and brushes must be directed away from the scalp. Additionally, the scalp can be soaked in tepid water during a bath to provide relief from the itchiness.
The doctor will diagnose the chickenpox based on the indicative rashes. In case there are any doubts regarding the diagnosis, the doctor will usually confirm the condition by requesting laboratory tests such as a culture of the lesion or a blood test.
Thursday, 04 December 2014
Ways to minimize swelling in the hands after an animal bite infectionWritten by George
It is a known fact that animal bites typically occur especially among children. Dogs are known to cause most cases of animal bites in different parts of the globe. Other animals that bite humans include rodents, cats and even farm animals. The health risk after an animal bite is the possibility for an infection.
Bites from cats have the highest potential for infection since their sharp teeth can burrow deep into the tissues. An early indication of an infected bite is engorgement at the bite site especially the hand or finger. Various measures can help minimize the inflammation of an infected animal bite as well as reduce the possibility for complications.
How to recognize the symptoms of an animal bite infection
Identifying an animal bite infection
Always remember that the mouths of animals are laden with various microorganisms. Once introduced to the body via a bite, these bacteria can multiply, resulting to an infection. The hand and fingers face the highest risk for infection right after the animal bite.
This is due to the complex anatomy and poor blood supply to some of the deep tissues. The depth of the wound will determine the type of infection. As for superficial bites or scratches, they can cause cellulitis which is an infection of the upper skin layers.
For deeper bites, they can infect the bones or tendons of the finger. The indications of infection include redness, swelling as well as drainage of pus at the bite site, pain, reduced mobility and loss of circulation which makes the hand or finger bluish in color. Loss of sensation to the fingers, fevers, chills and night sweats can indicate a serious infection.
Treating the swelling
Treatment for swelling must be started to reduce the swelling. The initial step in controlling the swelling and infection after an animal bite is through proper cleansing of the wound.
You have to clean the wound using warm water and soap for about 5 minutes right after the bite to remove dirt and saliva that contains bacteria. In case the bite site is bleeding, apply direct pressure using a clean cloth or gauze and elevate to control the swelling.
You can scrub the wound in a gentle manner to help reduce the risk for swelling due to infection. Take note that the risk for swelling can be reduced by applying an antiseptic solution or antibiotic ointment after cleansing. Even anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen can help manage the swelling of minor infections as well as treat fever and pain. You can prevent reinfection by covering the wound with sterile bandage or dressing. You can learn more about proper wound care by enrolling in a class on first aid today.
Prevent the complications of swelling
The swelling as well as the possible complications of an animal bite can be reduced by assessing the tissue damage. The doctor will request an X-ray to check if there is trauma to the bone. Other tests include an MRI to check the tendons for damage.
Severe swelling would require surgical intervention to reduce the pressure inside the hand or finger and properly cleanse the infection from the deeper tissues. In some cases, surgical exploration helps eliminate dead tissue, clots and damaged skin that can disrupt with the healing process. Antibiotics might be required to reduce the swelling and control the infection. A course of intravenous antibiotics is oftentimes prescribed to manage deep tissue infections.
Thursday, 27 November 2014
Possible causes of leg painWritten by George
Leg pain can be triggered by several factors that you should be well aware of. The leg pain can occur in any part starting from the hips or heels and can be intermittent or constant. Take note that the leg pain can be instigated by traumatic injury or caused by health issues that affect the nerves and blood vessels in the lower extremity. The leg pain can be stabbing, sharp, aching, dull, tingling or burning depending on the precise cause. You can learn more about pain management measures if you will enroll in a first aid class today.
Rickets is a condition that can cause leg pain and quite common among children. The condition can cause the bones to soften and easily fracture. The main cause of rickets is the deficiency of vitamin B but the condition can also run in some families.
Vitamin D helps the bone take in calcium and phosphorus present in food. Children who are malnourished or do not have adequate amount of vitamin D could not establish healthy and strong bones. The indications of rickets include pelvis, spine and leg pain as well as delayed growth, cavities, muscle weakness and other teeth issues. In some individuals, they face a higher risk for developing rickets including children between 6 months and 2 years old, children who do not eat enough foods that contain vitamin D, children with dark skin and children who breastfeed without vitamin D supplement.
Thrombophlebitis can cause leg pain and characterized by the inflammation and swelling in a vein due to a blood clot. Thrombophlebitis can develop in any part of the body including the legs. There are some risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing thrombophlebitis such as being hospitalized for surgery, certain illnesses that predisposes to blood clots and extended periods of sitting.
The usual indications linked with thrombophlebitis include pain, inflammation and swelling in the affected region, warmth and tenderness over the involved vein and skin redness. There are two major forms of thrombophlebitis – superficial which involves the veins close the surface of the skin and the deep venous type.
Trochanteric bursitis can also cause leg pain. The condition is basically the inflammation of the bursa which is a fluid-filled sac that reduces the friction between bone and tendons close to the upper thigh or greater trochanter. The greater trochanter is a part of the femur.
Take note that trochanteric bursitis is a usual cause of hip and thigh pain. The usual indications include thigh and buttock pain, lateral or exterior hip pain, pain when lying on the affected side, pain that worsens during hip or thigh movement, tenderness once the affected area is pressed and pain when climbing stairs. Trochanteric bursitis can be triggered by overuse injuries, traumatic hip injuries, surgery, poor posture and certain medical issues.
Friday, 21 November 2014
How is black mold allergy managed?Written by George
Black mold poisoning causes the similar risks and entails the same treatment method just like with exposure to other household molds. When an individual breathes in spores from Stachybotrys chartarum fungi, it can cause more harm than the other strains.
Always remember that all molds poses risks but those who have allergies and allergy-induced asthma face a higher risk for complications. The high concentration of fungal colonies such as those thriving in water-damaged flooring or building materials can cause severe allergy symptoms that range from discomfort to life-threatening asthma attacks. It is best that you are prepared by enrolling in one of the first aid classes today so that you know the appropriate steps to take.
Once the symptoms of the allergy manifest, an over-the-counter antihistamine can provide immediate relief. Individuals might not see an allergy due to the growth habits of black mold. Always bear in mind that these miniature fungal organisms only become perceptible once they accumulate together to take the form of a mycelium.
Almost all of the over-the-counter antihistamine medications are specifically designed for fast-acting, short-term relief of runny nose, sneezing and itchy nose. The individual can choose from formulas with a sedating effect such as cetirizine or diphenhydramine without requiring a prescription. Just remember that these should be taken after the individual was exposed to mold or when the symptoms start to manifest.
Take note that antihistamines do not treat stuffed nose congestion that will make breathing difficult and disrupt the sleeping of the individual. The decongestant nasal sprays can help relieve these symptoms for a short time but should not be used for more than a week.
Oral decongestants often have a sedating antihistamine in the formula which makes them impractical to be used for extended periods. Always remember that prescription drugs have better options than using these mixed medications especially for those who have symptoms of black mold allergy.
Prescription allergy medications
Individuals who require a long-term therapy for the ongoing black mold allergy symptoms should consult a doctor regarding prescription medications based on their overall health. Nasal corticosteroids are more effective than prescription antihistamine medications. Those who have asthma that worsens after exposure to mold require an inhaled oral corticosteroid to help manage the chronic symptoms.
Air quality control
The moment the initial respiratory and itchiness have been dealt with, the individual should treat their environment to minimize the mold spore allergens. This typically involves cleaning all hard surfaces using bleach solutions or eliminating infested upholstery, carpeting, wallpaper or other potential mold habitats.
Proper ventilation or humidity control devices should be installed to maintain the indoor humidity as well as prevent the growth of black mold. If the presence of mold is difficult to eliminate, it is best to call for professional services to completely eradicate potential sources in the house.
Friday, 07 November 2014
What are the symptoms of active tuberculosis?Written by George
Tuberculosis has been a medical issue for many years but at the present, the number of cases has drastically reduced. On the other hand, tuberculosis still remains as a main public health threat all over the globe. Always bear in mind that tuberculosis can either be latent or active.
When it comes to latent tuberculosis, the bacteria stays inactive and does not cause any symptoms. This form of tuberculosis is not contagious. As for active tuberculosis, the causative bacteria which are Mycobacterium tuberculosis are multiplying actively which causes the symptomatic and communicable disease.
Fever, chills and night sweats
Fever is one of the usual symptoms of active tuberculosis. The fever is usually low grade and intermittent. It can be accompanied by chills. The soaking night sweats which occur when the individual sleeps involve wet linens and bed clothes. This is the classic symptom of active tuberculosis. Nevertheless, this indication might not be present in all cases and can be triggered by other conditions other than tuberculosis. You can readily manage fever by enrolling in a course on first aid today.
Malaise and fatigue
Individuals who have active tuberculosis will not feel well. Chronic fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness that could not be relieved by sleep is a usual symptom. Take note that physical weakness and reduced tolerance for physical activity often accompany the symptom.
Loss of appetite and weight loss
Individuals who are suffering from tuberculosis experience loss of appetite and unintentional weight loss. In severe cases, the muscle mass of the individual will steadily reduce due to the extreme weight loss.
Hoarseness and swallowing problems
Active tuberculosis will involve the trachea which is the tube that transports air from the nose and mouth to the lungs. The hoarseness and swallowing difficulty are the usual symptoms that the trachea is involved.
It is important to note that actively tuberculosis can cause a persistent and productive cough. A productive cough that lasts for more than 2-3 weeks can be considered as an indication for active tuberculosis. During the early stages of the disease, the cough is usually dry. Over time, it becomes productive with yellowish-green colored phlegm.
As the infection progresses, the amount of phlegm produced will increase. The phlegm usually contains streaks of blood. Even though uncommon, active tuberculosis can lead to brisk lung bleeding in which substantial amount of blood are being coughed up along with breathing distress.
Shortness of breath
When it comes to active tuberculosis, both lungs are usually involved in the infection. Take note that the inflammation triggered by the infection as well as destruction will reduce the normal functional capacity of the lungs, thus leading to shortness of breath.
Pleuritic chest pan
Always bear in mind that tuberculosis often causes chest pain. Even though the lungs do not have the capability to feel pain, they are enclosed by thin sacs known as pleura that have pain innervation. Active tuberculosis can lead to the inflammation of the pleura which causes pain as the lungs move in the pleural sacs. When the individual coughs or breathes deeply, it causes the pain which is called as pleuritic chest pain.
Friday, 07 November 2014
What are the effects of anesthesia on the heart?Written by George
It is important to note that anesthetics are considered as medications that are specifically structured for pain management. General anesthesia is usually produced by combining anesthetics including inhaled gases and intravenous drugs. In most cases, general anesthesia brings on deep sleep and commonly used during surgical procedures.
The vital signs of the individual are carefully monitored while under this type of anesthesia. In some cases, regional anesthesia is used to anesthetize large regions of the body such as the legs and arms. This type of anesthesia does not instigate deep sleep but can cause tiredness. Even though the different types of anesthesia are considered safe at the present, it is important to note that they might involve certain risks and can cause effects on the heart. By enrolling in a first aid course, you can learn the different types of anesthesia and their effects.
General anesthesia can trigger the heartbeat to become erratic. An irregular heartbeat is called as arrhythmia which is a condition that occurs since the blood flow is inadequate to comply with the requirements of the body. This will cause the heart to beat irregularly as it attempts to adjust to compensate. Nevertheless, the interaction between anesthesia and other medications can affect the regularity of the heart rate. With this in mind, any medications or conditions that can interact with anesthesia should be carefully discussed with the doctor.
It is important to note that anesthesia can lead to myocardial infarction. The effect is not quite common. The heart attack triggered by anesthesia usually occurs among those who have a current heart condition or has a history of heart attacks. The individual should disclose his/her medical history or heart conditions before surgery to help the doctor take the necessary precautions to reduce the risk for myocardial infarction. The best way to help out an individual suspected of suffering from a heart attack is to take the appropriate first aid measures to prevent the condition from worsening.
Tachycardia and low blood pressure
Anesthesia can cause the blood pressure to decrease drastically especially when an allergic reaction occurs. The drop in the blood pressure causes the heart to beat at a faster rate which is called as tachycardia as a way to compensate for the reduced pressure. Take note that the increased heart rate and low blood pressure can lead to serious consequences if not stabilized.
Improved cardiac functioning and pain management
When regional anesthesia is used, particularly spinal anesthesia, it can help improve the heart function. Based on latest studies, it was discovered that spinal anesthesia can reduce hypertension and increase the contractions of the heart muscles. This effect is observed when the spinal anesthesia is used along with general anesthesia. The continuous usage of spinal anesthesia after surgery can help minimize the pain experiencing in the heart region.
Thursday, 06 November 2014
What is the normal heart rate during a panic attack?Written by George
When an individual experiences a panic attack, the individual will notice that the heart is pounding rapidly. It is important to note that the normal heart rate is between 60-100 beats per minute depending on the activity level, overall health and age of the individual. During a panic attack, the heart rate can drastically increase. The sensation can be alarming but most of the time it will resolve on its own within half an hour.
A panic attack is a momentary sensation of intense panic and fear. This can be triggered by stressful events or lasting worrying or can occur without any reason. Always bear in mind that a panic attack can cause severe symptoms that will make the individual think that he/she is experiencing a heart attack and most of the time; many are consumed by fear that will surely lead to another panic attack in the future.
If the individual feels that the heart is pounding during a panic attack, it can cause alarm and trigger more panic. The other symptoms that can heighten the worry during a panic attack include sweating, shortness of breath, trembling, stomach upset and feeling of passing out. Oftentimes this feeling can wake up the individual which is called as a nocturnal panic attack. In most cases, the heart will slow down after 10 minutes which will help the individual calm down and fall back to sleep.
Prevention and treatment
In most cases, a panic attack can occur without warning and difficult or even impossible to prevent from occurring. Oftentimes, a panic attack can be triggered by certain medications or anxiety disorders. It is best to consult a doctor regarding relaxation techniques that can help prevent a panic attack before it starts or when the initial symptoms occur. Medications and mental health counseling can help if the individual experiences panic attacks on a regular basis.
Important considerations to bear in mind
Individuals younger than 50 years old who suffer from panic attacks or a panic disorder are more likely to suffer from a heart attack. Even though the risk is small, the individual should discuss the possible dangers with a doctor if a pounding heart and other symptoms linked with panic attacks are experienced. One reason for the slight increase in the possibility of a heart attack might be due to the fact that some experience heart palpitations triggered by health issues and not experiencing panic attacks at all.
Due to the high risk for a heart attack during a panic attack, it is best that you are prepared to handle one if a family member experiences the condition. All you have to do is to enroll in a first aid course so that you will learn the proper measures to carry out.